Passionate about horses and riding for many years, you finally decide to take the plunge and buy a horse.
After having searched the list of horses for sale, you have finally found what you are looking for. Whatever the price of the horse, the seller’s obligations are the same. I suggest you take stock of what you can expect from him:
DO YOU REQUIRE THE SELLER TO GIVE IT A TRY?
No. There is no legal obligation for the seller to let you try the horse.
However, if the horse is broken in, there is no reason why he should not grant you at least one practice session in his presence. Go your way if he refuses you this attempt: there is a risk that it is hiding something.
The test of a broken-in horse is indeed almost essential. After all, buying a horse is a huge investment of time and money – it would be a shame if your dream didn’t turn into a nightmare.
Also, agree with the seller on the conditions for testing the horse. Generally, the test takes place directly on its premises.
IS THE VETERINARY VISIT COMPULSORY WHEN BUYING A HORSE?
No. Contrary to the legislation in force as regards the sale of dogs or cats, the person who sells a horse does not have the obligation to give you a veterinary certificate of “good health”.
However, it is strongly recommended that you show the horse you wish to purchase to a veterinarian of your own choosing.
Ask for a written report of this visit: it will serve as proof in the event of a dispute (you can engage the responsibility of the veterinarian who did not warn you of an injury from which the horse was affected on the day of purchase: CA of Versailles June 18, 2019, N ° RG: 18/00290).
The costs of the veterinary visit are the responsibility of the buyer. You can also show your future horse to a professional of the foot to avoid any unpleasant surprises at this level.
SIGNING A SALES CONTRACT: AN OBLIGATION FOR THE SELLER?
No. Again, there is no obligation for the seller to enter into a written contract.
An oral contract is perfectly valid. Exchanges of emails and text messages can even constitute a contract in themselves. However, I do not recommend this solution to you.
If the seller is honest, he should not refuse to sign a contract: this will allow the conditions of the sale to be framed and the applicable guarantees to be specified (see below).
DOES THE SELLER HAVE TO PROVIDE THE HORSE’S PAPERS?
This time, yes. When selling a horse, the seller must provide you with :
- the horse’s identification documents (a booklet with the horse’s identification marks on which are indicated its latest vaccines in general),
- his registration card.
Article D212-54 of the Rural Code specifies that the costs of issuing the new registration card are the responsibility of the new owner:
- If the horse’s registration card is in paper format, it must be signed on the back by the seller (art. D212-49 of the Rural Code). You must then send it to the Texas Quarter Horse Association to declare the change of ownership.
- If the seller has an electronic registration card, he must edit a sales certificate (personal area of the Texas Quarter Horse Association) that he must also sign before giving it to you.